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Aline Ferreira Placeres

Aline Ferreira Placeres

University of Sao Paulo | Brazil

Title: The relation between anxiety and depression and the loss of the occupational roles of people with spinal cord injury

Biography

Biography: Aline Ferreira Placeres

Abstract

The study aimed to investigate the correlation of anxiety and depression symptoms with the incidence of loss of occupational roles in people with spinal cord injury, as well as the strategies adopted by health professionals to promote mental health for this population. It is a correlational cross-sectional study, with a predominantly quantitative approach, being a qualitative step. The
study included 30 people with traumatic spinal cord injury aged 19 years and 72 years and 10 health professionals who attended the population. The following instruments were used: Identifi cation Sheet; Beck Depression Inventory; Trait-State Anxiety Inventory; Role Checklist and Semi-Structured Interviews with health professionals. For the statistical analysis of the quantitative step, we used the IBM SPSS Statistic version 25 program, and in the qualitative step, the Bardin Content Analysis. A positive relation was identifi ed between anxiety, depression and occupational role losses, so that those who experienced more losses presented more symptoms of anxiety and
depression, and negative relation with continuous roles, in which those who continued to exercise more roles after the injury had fewer symptoms of anxiety and depression. The strategies adopted by health professionals for the promotion of mental health for this population are still limited, given
the lack of specialized services, the diffi cult referral to professionals in the area and the lack of more benevolent social positions towards this population accentuates the diffi culty to ensure accessibility and more egalitarian opportunities, thus contributing to the loss of the roles of this population.